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《求是》雜志發表習近平總書記重要文章

  發表時間: 2020-06-16 14:31:32

  《求是》雜志發表習近平總書記重要文章《充分認識頒布實施民法典重大意義,依法更好保障人民合法權益》

  6yue16richubandedi12qi《qiushi》zazhijiangfabiaozhonggongzhongyangzongshuji、guojiazhuxi、zhongyangjunweizhuxixijinpingdezhongyaowenzhang《chongfenrenshibanbushishiminfadianzhongdayiyi,yifagenghaobaozhangrenminhefaquanyi》。

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  wenzhangzhichu,zaiwoguogeming、jianshe、gaigegegelishishiqi,womendangdougaoduzhongshiminshifalvzhidingshishi。dangdeshibadayilai,womenshunyingshijianfazhanyaoqiuherenminqunzhongqidai,babianzuanminfadianbaishangzhongyaoricheng。zaigefangmiangongtongnulixia,jingguo5nianduogongzuo,minfadianzhongyubanbushishi,shixianlejidairendesuyuan。

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  wenzhangzhichu,yaojiaqiangminfadianpufagongzuo。guangfankaizhanminfadianpufagongzuo,jiangqizuowei“shisiwu”shiqipufagongzuodezhongdianlaizhua。baminfadiannaruguominjiaoyutixi,jiaqiangduiqingshaonianminfadianjiaoyu。jujiaominfadianzongzebianhegefenbianxuyaobawohaodehexinyaoyihezhongdianwenti,chanshihaominfadiandejibenyuanze、jibenyaoqiuheyixiliexinguidingxingainianxinjingshen。

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以下是全文內容:

充分認識頒布實施民法典重大意義

依法更好保障人民合法權益

習近平

  5yue28ri,shisanjiequanguorendasancihuiyishenyitongguole《zhonghuarenmingongheguominfadian》,zheshixinzhongguochengliyilaidiyibuyi“fadian”mingmingdefalv,shixinshidaiwoguoshehuizhuyifazhijianshedezhongdachengguo。anpaizhecijitixuexi,mudeshichongfenrenshibanbushishiminfadiandezhongdayiyi,tuidongminfadianshishi,yigenghaotuijinquanmianyifazhiguo、jiansheshehuizhuyifazhiguojia,genghaobaozhangrenminquanyi。

  zaiwoguogeming、jianshe、gaigegegelishishiqi,womendangdougaoduzhongshiminshifalvzhidingshishi。gemingzhanzhengniandai,womendangzaizhongyangsuqu、shanganningbianqudengjubudiqujiuzhidingshishileshejitudi、hunyin、laodong、caijingdengfangmiandefalv。xinzhongguochenglihou,woguoxiangjizhidingshishilehunyinfa、tudigaigefadengzhongyaofalvheyouguanhuji、gongshangye、hezuoshe、chengshifangwu、hetongdengfangmiandeyipifaling。womendanghuanyu1954nian、1962nian、1979nian、2001nian4ciqidongzhidinghebianzuanminfadianxiangguangongzuo,danyouyutiaojiansuoxianmeiyouwancheng。

  gaigekaifangyilai,woguominshishangshifazhijianshebufabuduanjiakuai,xianhouzhidinghuoxiudinglezhongwaihezijingyingqiyefa、hunyinfa、jingjihetongfa、shangbiaofa、zhuanlifa、shewaijingjihetongfa、jichengfa、minfatongze、tudiguanlifa、qiyepochanfa、waiziqiyefa、jishuhetongfa、zhongwaihezuojingyingqiyefa、zhuzuoquanfa、shouyangfa、gongsifa、danbaofa、baoxianfa、piaojufa、paimaifa、hehuoqiyefa、zhengquanfa、hetongfa、nongcuntudichengbaofa、wuquanfa、qinquanzerenfadengyidapiminshishangshifalv,weibianzuanminfadiandiandinglejichu、jileilejingyan。

  dangdeshibadayilai,womenshunyingshijianfazhanyaoqiuherenminqunzhongqidai,babianzuanminfadianbaishangzhongyaoricheng。dangdeshibajiesizhongquanhuizuochuguanyuquanmiantuijinyifazhiguoruoganzhongdawentidejueding,qizhongduibianzuanminfadianzuochubushu。zhihou,wozhuchi3cizhongyangzhengzhijuchangweihuihuiyi,fenbieshenyiminfazongze、minfadiangefenbian、minfadian3gecaoan。zaigefangmiangongtongnulixia,jingguo5nianduogongzuo,minfadianzhongyubanbushishi,shixianlejidairendesuyuan。

  minfadianzaizhongguoteseshehuizhuyifalvtixizhongjuyouzhongyaodiwei,shiyibugugenben、wenyuqi、lichangyuandejichuxingfalv,duituijinquanmianyifazhiguo、jiakuaijiansheshehuizhuyifazhiguojia,duifazhanshehuizhuyishichangjingji、gonggushehuizhuyijibenjingjizhidu,duijianchiyirenminweizhongxindefazhansixiang、yifaweihurenminquanyi、tuidongwoguorenquanshiyefazhan,duituijinguojiazhilitixihezhilinenglixiandaihua,doujuyouzhongdayiyi。

  minfadianxitongzhenghelexinzhongguochengli70duonianlaichangqishijianxingchengdeminshifalvguifan,jiqulezhonghuaminzu5000duonianyouxiufalvwenhua,jiejianlerenleifazhiwenmingjiansheyouyichengguo,shiyibutixianwoguoshehuizhuyixingzhi、fuherenminliyiheyuanwang、shunyingshidaifazhanyaoqiudeminfadian,shiyibutixianduishengmingjiankang、caichananquan、jiaoyibianli、shenghuoxingfu、rengezunyandenggefangmianquanlipingdengbaohudeminfadian,shiyibujuyouxianmingzhongguotese、shijiantese、shidaitesedeminfadian。shishihaominfadian,zhongdianyaozuohaoyixiagongzuo。

  第一,加強民法典重大意義的宣傳教育。要講清楚,實施好民法典是堅持以人民為中心、保障人民權益實現和發展的必然要求。民法典調整規范自然人、法人等民事主體之間的人身關系和財產關系,這是社會生活和經濟生活中最普通、最常見的社會關系和經濟關系,涉及經濟社會生活方方面面,同人民群眾生產生活密不可分,同各行各業發展息息相關。民法典實施得好,人民群眾權益就會得到法律保障,人與人之間的交往活動就會更加有序,社會就會更加和諧。要講清楚,實施好民法典是發展社會主義市場經濟、鞏固社會主義基本經濟制度的必然要求。民法典把我國多年來實行社會主義市場經濟體制和加強社會主義法治建設取得的一系列重要制度成果用法典的形式確定下來,規范經濟生活和經濟活動賴以依托的財產關系、交易關系,對堅持和完善社會主義基本經濟制度、促進社會主義市場經濟繁榮發展具有十分重要的意義。要講清楚,實施好民法典是提高我們黨治國理政水平的必然要求。民法典是全面依法治國的重要制度載體,很多規定同有關國家機關直接相關,直接涉及公民和法人的權利義務關系。國家機關履行職責、行使職權必須清楚自身行為和活動的范圍和界限。各級黨和國家機關開展工作要考慮民法典規定,不能侵犯人民群眾享有的合法民事權利,包括人身權利和財產權利。同時,有關政府機關、監察機關、司法機關要依法履行職能、行使職權,保護民事權利不受侵犯、促進民事關系和諧有序。民法典實施水平和效果,是衡量各級黨和國家機關履行為人民服務宗旨的重要尺度。

  第二,加強民事立法相關工作。民法典頒布實施,并不意味著一勞永逸解決了民事法治建設的所有問題,仍然有許多問題需要在實踐中檢驗、探索,還需要不斷配套、補充、細化。有關國家機關要適應改革開放和社會主義現代化建設要求,加強同民法典相關聯、相配套的法律法規制度建設,不斷總結實踐經驗,修改完善相關法律法規和司法解釋。對同民法典規定和原則不一致的國家有關規定,要抓緊清理,該修改的修改,該廢止的廢止。要發揮法律解釋的作用,及時明確法律規定含義和適用法律依據,保持民法典穩定性和適應性相統一。

  “fayushizhuanzezhi。”suizhujingjishehuibuduanfazhan、jingjishehuishenghuozhonggezhongliyiguanxibuduanbianhua,minfadianzaishishiguochengzhongbiranhuiyudaoyixiexinqingkuangxinwenti。zhecixinguanfeiyanyiqingfangkongdeshijianbiaoming,xinjishu、xinchanye、xinyetaiherenmenxindegongzuofangshi、jiaowangfangshi、shenghuofangshibuduanyongxian,yegeiminshilifatichulexinketi。yaojianchiwentidaoxiang,shiyingjishufazhanjinbuxinxuyao,zaixindeshijianjichushangtuidongminfadianbuduanwanshanhefazhan。

  第三,加強民法典執法司法活動。嚴格規范公正文明執法,提高司法公信力,是維護民法典權威的有效手段。各級政府要以保證民法典有效實施為重要抓手推進法治政府建設,把民法典作為行政決策、行政管理、行政監督的重要標尺,不得違背法律法規隨意作出減損公民、法人和其他組織合法權益或增加其義務的決定。要規范行政許可、行政處罰、行政強制、行政征收、行政收費、行政檢查、行政裁決等活動,提高依法行政能力和水平,依法嚴肅處理侵犯群眾合法權益的行為和人員。