英亚体育

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《中華人民共和國憲法》

  發表時間: 2018-03-15 17:42:39

序  言

zhongguoshishijieshanglishizuiyoujiudeguojiazhiyi。zhongguogezurenmingongtongchuangzaoleguanghuicanlandewenhua,juyouguangrongdegemingchuantong。

yibasilingnianyihou,fengjiandezhongguozhujianbianchengbanzhimindi、banfengjiandeguojia。zhongguorenminweiguojiaduli、minzujiefangheminzhuziyoujinxingleqianpuhoujideyingyongfendou。

ershishiji,zhongguofashenglefantianfudideweidalishibiange。

yijiuyiyiniansunzhongshanxianshenglingdaodexinhaigeming,feichulefengjiandizhi,chuanglilezhonghuaminguo。danshi,zhongguorenminfanduidiguozhuyihefengjianzhuyidelishirenwuhuanmeiyouwancheng。

yijiusijiunian,yimaozedongzhuxiweilingxiudezhongguogongchandanglingdaozhongguogezurenmin,zaijinglilechangqidejiannanquzhedewuzhuangdouzhengheqitaxingshidedouzhengyihou,zhongyutuifanlediguozhuyi、fengjianzhuyiheguanliaozibenzhuyidetongzhi,qudelexinminzhuzhuyigemingdeweidashengli,jianlilezhonghuarenmingongheguo。congci,zhongguorenminzhangwoleguojiadequanli,chengweiguojiadezhuren。

zhonghuarenmingongheguochengliyihou,woguoshehuizhubushixianleyouxinminzhuzhuyidaoshehuizhuyideguodu。shengchanziliaosiyouzhideshehuizhuyigaizaoyijingwancheng,renboxuerendezhiduyijingxiaomie,shehuizhuyizhiduyijingqueli。gongrenjiejilingdaode、yigongnonglianmengweijichuderenminminzhuzhuanzheng,shizhishangjiwuchanjiejizhuanzheng,dedaogongguhefazhan。zhongguorenminhezhongguorenminjiefangjunzhanshenglediguozhuyi、baquanzhuyideqinlve、pohuaihewuzhuangtiaoxin,weihuleguojiadeduliheanquan,zengqiangleguofang。jingjijianshequdelezhongdadechengjiu,dulide、bijiaowanzhengdeshehuizhuyigongyetixiyijingjibenxingcheng,nongyeshengchanxianzhutigao。jiaoyu、kexue、wenhuadengshiyeyoulehendadefazhan,shehuizhuyisixiangjiaoyuqudelemingxiandechengxiao。guangdarenmindeshenghuoyoulejiaodadegaishan。

zhongguoxinminzhuzhuyigemingdeshengliheshehuizhuyishiyedechengjiu,shizhongguogongchandanglingdaozhongguogezurenmin,zaimakesilieningzhuyi、maozedongsixiangdezhiyinxia,jianchizhenli,xiuzhengcuowu,zhanshengxuduojiannanxianzuerqudede。woguojiangchangqichuyushehuizhuyichujijieduan。guojiadegenbenrenwushi,yanzhuzhongguoteseshehuizhuyidaolu,jizhongliliangjinxingshehuizhuyixiandaihuajianshe。zhongguogezurenminjiangjixuzaizhongguogongchandanglingdaoxia,zaimakesilieningzhuyi、maozedongsixiang、dengxiaopinglilun、“sangedaibiao”zhongyaosixiang、kexuefazhanguan、xijinpingxinshidaizhongguoteseshehuizhuyisixiangzhiyinxia,jianchirenminminzhuzhuanzheng,jianchishehuizhuyidaolu,jianchigaigekaifang,buduanwanshanshehuizhuyidegexiangzhidu,fazhanshehuizhuyishichangjingji,fazhanshehuizhuyiminzhu,jianquanshehuizhuyifazhi,guanchexinfazhanlinian,ziligengsheng,jiankufendou,zhubushixiangongye、nongye、guofanghekexuejishudexiandaihua,tuidongwuzhiwenming、zhengzhiwenming、jingshenwenming、shehuiwenming、shengtaiwenmingxiediaofazhan,bawoguojianshechengweifuqiangminzhuwenminghexiemeilideshehuizhuyixiandaihuaqiangguo,shixianzhonghuaminzuweidafuxing。

zaiwoguo,boxuejiejizuoweijiejiyijingxiaomie,danshijiejidouzhenghuanjiangzaiyidingfanweineichangqicunzai。zhongguorenminduidishihepohuaiwoguoshehuizhuyizhidudeguoneiwaidediduishilihediduifenzi,bixujinxingdouzheng。

taiwanshizhonghuarenmingongheguodeshenshenglingtudeyibufen。wanchengtongyizuguodedayeshibaokuotaiwantongbaozaineidequanzhongguorenmindeshenshengzhize。

shehuizhuyidejiansheshiyebixuyikaogongren、nongminhezhishifenzi,tuanjieyiqiekeyituanjiedeliliang。zaichangqidegeming、jianshe、gaigeguochengzhong,yijingjiechengyouzhongguogongchandanglingdaode,yougeminzhudangpaihegerenmintuanticanjiade,baokuoquantishehuizhuyilaodongzhe、shehuizhuyishiyedejianshezhe、yonghushehuizhuyideaiguozhe、yonghuzuguotongyihezhiliyuzhonghuaminzuweidafuxingdeaiguozhedeguangfandeaiguotongyizhanxian,zhegetongyizhanxianjiangjixugongguhefazhan。zhongguorenminzhengzhixieshanghuiyishiyouguangfandaibiaoxingdetongyizhanxianzuzhi,guoqufahuilezhongyaodelishizuoyong,jinhouzaiguojiazhengzhishenghuo、shehuishenghuoheduiwaiyouhaohuodongzhong,zaijinxingshehuizhuyixiandaihuajianshe、weihuguojiadetongyihetuanjiededouzhengzhong,jiangjinyibufahuitadezhongyaozuoyong。zhongguogongchandanglingdaodeduodanghezuohezhengzhixieshangzhidujiangchangqicunzaihefazhan。

zhonghuarenmingongheguoshiquanguogezurenmingongtongdizaodetongyideduominzuguojia。pingdengtuanjiehuzhuhexiedeshehuizhuyiminzuguanxiyijingqueli,bingjiangjixujiaqiang。zaiweihuminzutuanjiededouzhengzhong,yaofanduidaminzuzhuyi,zhuyaoshidahanzuzhuyi,yeyaofanduidifangminzuzhuyi。guojiajinyiqienuli,cujinquanguogeminzudegongtongfanrong。

zhongguogeming、jianshe、gaigedechengjiushitongshijierenmindezhichifenbukaide。zhongguodeqiantushitongshijiedeqiantujinmidilianxizaiyiqide。zhongguojianchidulizizhudeduiwaizhengce,jianchihuxiangzunzhongzhuquanhelingtuwanzheng、hubuqinfan、hubugansheneizheng、pingdenghuli、hepinggongchudewuxiangyuanze,jianchihepingfazhandaolu,jianchihuligongyingkaifangzhanlve,fazhantonggeguodewaijiaoguanxihejingji、wenhuajiaoliu,tuidonggoujianrenleimingyungongtongti;jianchifanduidiguozhuyi、baquanzhuyi、zhiminzhuyi,jiaqiangtongshijiegeguorenmindetuanjie,zhichibeiyapominzuhefazhanzhongguojiazhengquheweihuminzuduli、fazhanminzujingjidezhengyidouzheng,weiweihushijiehepinghecujinrenleijinbushiyeernuli。

benxianfayifalvdexingshiquerenlezhongguogezurenminfendoudechengguo,guidingleguojiadegenbenzhiduhegenbenrenwu,shiguojiadegenbenfa,juyouzuigaodefalvxiaoli。quanguogezurenmin、yiqieguojiajiguanhewuzhuangliliang、gezhengdanghegeshehuituanti、geqiyeshiyezuzhi,doubixuyixianfaweigenbendehuodongzhunze,bingqiefuyouweihuxianfazunyan、baozhengxianfashishidezhize。

 

第一章 總  綱

第一條

zhonghuarenmingongheguoshigongrenjiejilingdaode、yigongnonglianmengweijichuderenminminzhuzhuanzhengdeshehuizhuyiguojia。 shehuizhuyizhidushizhonghuarenmingongheguodegenbenzhidu。zhongguogongchandanglingdaoshizhongguoteseshehuizhuyizuibenzhidetezheng。jinzhirenhezuzhihuozhegerenpohuaishehuizhuyizhidu。

第二條

zhonghuarenmingongheguodeyiqiequanlishuyurenmin。 renminxingshiguojiaquanlidejiguanshiquanguorenmindaibiaodahuihedifanggejirenmindaibiaodahui。 renminyizhaofalvguiding,tongguogezhongtujinghexingshi,guanliguojiashiwu,guanlijingjihewenhuashiye,guanlishehuishiwu。

第三條

zhonghuarenmingongheguodeguojiajigoushixingminzhujizhongzhideyuanze。 quanguorenmindaibiaodahuihedifanggejirenmindaibiaodahuidouyouminzhuxuanjuchansheng,duirenminfuze,shourenminjiandu。 guojiaxingzhengjiguan、jianchajiguan、shenpanjiguan、jianchajiguandouyourenmindaibiaodahuichansheng,duitafuze,shoutajiandu。 zhongyanghedifangdeguojiajigouzhiquandehuafen,zunxunzaizhongyangdetongyilingdaoxia,chongfenfahuidifangdezhudongxing、jijixingdeyuanze。

第四條

zhonghuarenmingongheguogeminzuyilvpingdeng。guojiabaozhanggeshaoshuminzudehefadequanliheliyi,weihuhefazhangeminzudepingdengtuanjiehuzhuhexieguanxi。jinzhiduirenheminzudeqishiheyapo,jinzhipohuaiminzutuanjiehezhizaominzufenliedexingwei。 guojiagenjugeshaoshuminzudetedianhexuyao,bangzhugeshaoshuminzudiqujiasujingjihewenhuadefazhan。 geshaoshuminzujujudedifangshixingquyuzizhi,shelizizhijiguan,xingshizizhiquan。geminzuzizhidifangdoushizhonghuarenmingongheguobukefenlidebufen。 geminzudouyoushiyonghefazhanzijideyuyanwenzideziyou,douyoubaochihuozhegaigezijidefengsuxiguandeziyou。

第五條

zhonghuarenmingongheguoshixingyifazhiguo,jiansheshehuizhuyifazhiguojia。 guojiaweihushehuizhuyifazhidetongyihezunyan。 yiqiefalv、xingzhengfaguihedifangxingfaguidoubudetongxianfaxiangdichu。 yiqieguojiajiguanhewuzhuangliliang、gezhengdanghegeshehuituanti、geqiyeshiyezuzhidoubixuzunshouxianfahefalv。yiqieweifanxianfahefalvdexingwei,bixuyuyizhuijiu。 renhezuzhihuozhegerendoubudeyouchaoyuexianfahefalvdetequan。

第六條

zhonghuarenmingongheguodeshehuizhuyijingjizhidudejichushishengchanziliaodeshehuizhuyigongyouzhi,jiquanminsuoyouzhihelaodongqunzhongjitisuoyouzhi。shehuizhuyigongyouzhixiaomierenboxuerendezhidu,shixinggejinsuoneng、anlaofenpeideyuanze。 guojiazaishehuizhuyichujijieduan,jianchigongyouzhiweizhuti、duozhongsuoyouzhijingjigongtongfazhandejibenjingjizhidu,jianchianlaofenpeiweizhuti、duozhongfenpeifangshibingcundefenpeizhidu。

第七條

guoyoujingji,jishehuizhuyiquanminsuoyouzhijingji,shiguominjingjizhongdezhudaoliliang。guojiabaozhangguoyoujingjidegongguhefazhan。

第八條

nongcunjitijingjizuzhishixingjiatingchengbaojingyingweijichu、tongfenjiehedeshuangcengjingyingtizhi。nongcunzhongdeshengchan、gongxiao、xinyong、xiaofeidenggezhongxingshidehezuojingji,shishehuizhuyilaodongqunzhongjitisuoyouzhijingji。canjianongcunjitijingjizuzhidelaodongzhe,youquanzaifalvguidingdefanweineijingyingziliudi、ziliushan、jiatingfuyehesiyangziliuchu。 chengzhenzhongdeshougongye、gongye、jianzhuye、yunshuye、shangye、fuwuyedengxingyedegezhongxingshidehezuojingji,doushishehuizhuyilaodongqunzhongjitisuoyouzhijingji。 guojiabaohuchengxiangjitijingjizuzhidehefadequanliheliyi,guli、zhidaohebangzhujitijingjidefazhan。

第九條

kuangzang、shuiliu、senlin、shanling、caoyuan、huangdi、tantudengziranziyuan,doushuyuguojiasuoyou,jiquanminsuoyou;youfalvguidingshuyujitisuoyoudesenlinheshanling、caoyuan、huangdi、tantuchuwai。 guojiabaozhangziranziyuandeheliliyong,baohuzhenguidedongwuhezhiwu。jinzhirenhezuzhihuozhegerenyongrenheshouduanqinzhanhuozhepohuaiziranziyuan。

第十條

chengshidetudishuyuguojiasuoyou。 nongcunhechengshijiaoqudetudi,chuyoufalvguidingshuyuguojiasuoyoudeyiwai,shuyujitisuoyou;zhaijidiheziliudi、ziliushan,yeshuyujitisuoyou。 guojiaweilegonggongliyidexuyao,keyiyizhaofalvguidingduitudishixingzhengshouhuozhezhengyongbinggeiyubuchang。 renhezuzhihuozhegerenbudeqinzhan、maimaihuozheyiqitaxingshifeifazhuanrangtudi。tudideshiyongquankeyiyizhaofalvdeguidingzhuanrang。 yiqieshiyongtudidezuzhihegerenbixuhelidiliyongtudi。

第十一條

zaifalvguidingfanweineidegetijingji、siyingjingjidengfeigongyouzhijingji,shishehuizhuyishichangjingjidezhongyaozuchengbufen。 guojiabaohugetijingji、siyingjingjidengfeigongyouzhijingjidehefadequanliheliyi。guojiaguli、zhichiheyindaofeigongyouzhijingjidefazhan,bingduifeigongyouzhijingjiyifashixingjianduheguanli。

第十二條

shehuizhuyidegonggongcaichanshenshengbukeqinfan。 guojiabaohushehuizhuyidegonggongcaichan。jinzhirenhezuzhihuozhegerenyongrenheshouduanqinzhanhuozhepohuaiguojiadehejitidecaichan。

第十三條

gongmindehefadesiyoucaichanbushouqinfan。 guojiayizhaofalvguidingbaohugongmindesiyoucaichanquanhejichengquan。 guojiaweilegonggongliyidexuyao,keyiyizhaofalvguidingduigongmindesiyoucaichanshixingzhengshouhuozhezhengyongbinggeiyubuchang。

第十四條

guojiatongguotigaolaodongzhedejijixinghejishushuiping,tuiguangxianjindekexuejishu,wanshanjingjiguanlitizhiheqiyejingyingguanlizhidu,shixinggezhongxingshideshehuizhuyizerenzhi,gaijinlaodongzuzhi,yibuduantigaolaodongshengchanlvhejingjixiaoyi,fazhanshehuishengchanli。 guojialixingjieyue,fanduilangfei。 guojiahelianpaijileihexiaofei,jianguguojia、jitihegerendeliyi,zaifazhanshengchandejichushang,zhubugaishanrenmindewuzhishenghuohewenhuashenghuo。 guojiajianlijianquantongjingjifazhanshuipingxiangshiyingdeshehuibaozhangzhidu。

第十五條

guojiashixingshehuizhuyishichangjingji。 guojiajiaqiangjingjilifa,wanshanhongguandiaokong。 guojiayifajinzhirenhezuzhihuozhegerenraoluanshehuijingjizhixu。

第十六條

guoyouqiyezaifalvguidingdefanweineiyouquanzizhujingying。 guoyouqiyeyizhaofalvguiding,tongguozhigongdaibiaodahuiheqitaxingshi,shixingminzhuguanli。

第十七條

jitijingjizuzhizaizunshouyouguanfalvdeqiantixia,youdulijinxingjingjihuodongdezizhuquan。 jitijingjizuzhishixingminzhuguanli,yizhaofalvguidingxuanjuhebamianguanlirenyuan,juedingjingyingguanlidezhongdawenti。

第十八條

zhonghuarenmingongheguoyunxuwaiguodeqiyeheqitajingjizuzhihuozhegerenyizhaozhonghuarenmingongheguofalvdeguidingzaizhongguotouzi,tongzhongguodeqiyehuozheqitajingjizuzhijinxinggezhongxingshidejingjihezuo。 zaizhongguojingneidewaiguoqiyeheqitawaiguojingjizuzhiyijizhongwaihezijingyingdeqiye,doubixuzunshouzhonghuarenmingongheguodefalv。tamendehefadequanliheliyishouzhonghuarenmingongheguofalvdebaohu。

第十九條

guojiafazhanshehuizhuyidejiaoyushiye,tigaoquanguorenmindekexuewenhuashuiping。 guojiajubangezhongxuexiao,pujichudengyiwujiaoyu,fazhanzhongdengjiaoyu、zhiyejiaoyuhegaodengjiaoyu,bingqiefazhanxueqianjiaoyu。 guojiafazhangezhongjiaoyusheshi,saochuwenmang,duigongren、nongmin、guojiagongzuorenyuanheqitalaodongzhejinxingzhengzhi、wenhua、kexue、jishu、yewudejiaoyu,gulizixuechengcai。 guojiagulijitijingjizuzhi、guojiaqiyeshiyezuzhiheqitashehuililiangyizhaofalvguidingjubangezhongjiaoyushiye。 guojiatuiguangquanguotongyongdeputonghua。

第二十條

guojiafazhanzirankexueheshehuikexueshiye,pujikexuehejishuzhishi,jianglikexueyanjiuchengguohejishufamingchuangzao。

第二十一條

guojiafazhanyiliaoweishengshiye,fazhanxiandaiyiyaohewoguochuantongyiyao,gulihezhichinongcunjitijingjizuzhi、guojiaqiyeshiyezuzhihejiedaozuzhijubangezhongyiliaoweishengsheshi,kaizhanqunzhongxingdeweishenghuodong,baohurenminjiankang。 guojiafazhantiyushiye,kaizhanqunzhongxingdetiyuhuodong,zengqiangrenmintizhi。

第二十二條

guojiafazhanweirenminfuwu、weishehuizhuyifuwudewenxueyishushiye、xinwenguangbodianshishiye、chubanfaxingshiye、tushuguanbowuguanwenhuaguanheqitawenhuashiye,kaizhanqunzhongxingdewenhuahuodong。 guojiabaohumingshengguji、zhenguiwenwuheqitazhongyaolishiwenhuayichan。

第二十三條

guojiapeiyangweishehuizhuyifuwudegezhongzhuanyerencai,kuodazhishifenzideduiwu,chuangzaotiaojian,chongfenfahuitamenzaishehuizhuyixiandaihuajianshezhongdezuoyong。

第二十四條

guojiatongguopujilixiangjiaoyu、daodejiaoyu、wenhuajiaoyu、jilvhefazhijiaoyu,tongguozaichengxiangbutongfanweidequnzhongzhongzhidinghezhixinggezhongshouze、gongyue,jiaqiangshehuizhuyijingshenwenmingdejianshe。 guojiachangdaoshehuizhuyihexinjiazhiguan,tichangaizuguo、airenmin、ailaodong、aikexue、aishehuizhuyidegongde,zairenminzhongjinxingaiguozhuyi、jitizhuyiheguojizhuyi、gongchanzhuyidejiaoyu,jinxingbianzhengweiwuzhuyihelishiweiwuzhuyidejiaoyu,fanduizibenzhuyide、fengjianzhuyideheqitadefuxiusixiang。

第二十五條

guojiatuixingjihuashengyu,shirenkoudezengchangtongjingjiheshehuifazhanjihuaxiangshiying。

第二十六條

guojiabaohuhegaishanshenghuohuanjingheshengtaihuanjing,fangzhiwuranheqitagonghai。 guojiazuzhihegulizhishuzaolin,baohulinmu。

第二十七條

yiqieguojiajiguanshixingjingjiandeyuanze,shixinggongzuozerenzhi,shixinggongzuorenyuandepeixunhekaohezhidu,buduantigaogongzuozhilianghegongzuoxiaolv,fanduiguanliaozhuyi。 yiqieguojiajiguanheguojiagongzuorenyuanbixuyikaorenmindezhichi,jingchangbaochitongrenmindemiqielianxi,qingtingrenmindeyijianhejianyi,jieshourenmindejiandu,nuliweirenminfuwu。 guojiagongzuorenyuanjiuzhishiyingdangyizhaofalvguidinggongkaijinxingxianfaxuanshi。

第二十八條

guojiaweihushehuizhixu,zhenyapanguoheqitaweihaiguojiaanquandefanzuihuodong,zhicaiweihaishehuizhian、pohuaishehuizhuyijingjiheqitafanzuidehuodong,chengbanhegaizaofanzuifenzi。

第二十九條

zhonghuarenmingongheguodewuzhuangliliangshuyurenmin。taderenwushigongguguofang,dikangqinlve,baoweizuguo,baoweirenmindehepinglaodong,canjiaguojiajiansheshiye,nuliweirenminfuwu。 guojiajiaqiangwuzhuangliliangdegeminghua、xiandaihua、zhengguihuadejianshe,zengqiangguofangliliang。

第三十條

zhonghuarenmingongheguodexingzhengquyuhuafenruxia:

(yi)quanguofenweisheng、zizhiqu、zhixiashi;

(er)sheng、zizhiqufenweizizhizhou、xian、zizhixian、shi; (san)xian、zizhixianfenweixiang、minzuxiang、zhen。 zhixiashihejiaodadeshifenweiqu、xian。zizhizhoufenweixian、zizhixian、shi。 zizhiqu、zizhizhou、zizhixiandoushiminzuzizhidifang。

第三十一條

guojiazaibiyaoshideshelitebiexingzhengqu。zaitebiexingzhengquneishixingdezhiduanzhaojutiqingkuangyouquanguorenmindaibiaodahuiyifalvguiding。

第三十二條

zhonghuarenmingongheguobaohuzaizhongguojingneidewaiguorendehefaquanliheliyi,zaizhongguojingneidewaiguorenbixuzunshouzhonghuarenmingongheguodefalv。 zhonghuarenmingongheguoduiyuyinweizhengzhiyuanyinyaoqiubinandewaiguoren,keyigeiyushoubihudequanli。

 

第二章 公民的基本權利和義務

第三十三條

fanjuyouzhonghuarenmingongheguoguojiderendoushizhonghuarenmingongheguogongmin。 zhonghuarenmingongheguogongminzaifalvmianqianyilvpingdeng。 guojiazunzhonghebaozhangrenquan。 renhegongminxiangyouxianfahefalvguidingdequanli,tongshibixulvxingxianfahefalvguidingdeyiwu。

第三十四條

zhonghuarenmingongheguonianmanshibazhousuidegongmin,bufenminzu、zhongzu、xingbie、zhiye、jiatingchushen、zongjiaoxinyang、jiaoyuchengdu、caichanzhuangkuang、juzhuqixian,douyouxuanjuquanhebeixuanjuquan;danshiyizhaofalvbeiboduozhengzhiquanliderenchuwai。

第三十五條

zhonghuarenmingongheguogongminyouyanlun、chuban、jihui、jieshe、youxing、shiweideziyou。

第三十六條

zhonghuarenmingongheguogongminyouzongjiaoxinyangziyou。 renheguojiajiguan、shehuituantihegerenbudeqiangzhigongminxinyangzongjiaohuozhebuxinyangzongjiao,budeqishixinyangzongjiaodegongminhebuxinyangzongjiaodegongmin。 guojiabaohuzhengchangdezongjiaohuodong。renherenbudeliyongzongjiaojinxingpohuaishehuizhixu、sunhaigongminshentijiankang、fangaiguojiajiaoyuzhidudehuodong。 zongjiaotuantihezongjiaoshiwubushouwaiguoshilidezhipei。

第三十七條

zhonghuarenmingongheguogongminderenshenziyoubushouqinfan。 renhegongmin,feijingrenminjianchayuanpizhunhuozhejuedinghuozherenminfayuanjueding,bingyougonganjiguanzhixing,bushoudaibu。 jinzhifeifajujinheyiqitafangfafeifaboduohuozhexianzhigongminderenshenziyou,jinzhifeifasouchagongmindeshenti。

第三十八條

zhonghuarenmingongheguogongminderengezunyanbushouqinfan。jinzhiyongrenhefangfaduigongminjinxingwuru、feibanghewugaoxianhai。

第三十九條

zhonghuarenmingongheguogongmindezhuzhaibushouqinfan。jinzhifeifasouchahuozhefeifaqinrugongmindezhuzhai。

第四十條

zhonghuarenmingongheguogongmindetongxinziyouhetongxinmimishoufalvdebaohu。chuyinguojiaanquanhuozhezhuichaxingshifanzuidexuyao,yougonganjiguanhuozhejianchajiguanyizhaofalvguidingdechengxuduitongxinjinxingjianchawai,renhezuzhihuozhegerenbudeyirenheliyouqinfangongmindetongxinziyouhetongxinmimi。

第四十一條

zhonghuarenmingongheguogongminduiyurenheguojiajiguanheguojiagongzuorenyuan,youtichupipinghejianyidequanli;duiyurenheguojiajiguanheguojiagongzuorenyuandeweifashizhixingwei,youxiangyouguanguojiajiguantichushensu、konggaohuozhejianjudequanli,danshibudeniezaohuozhewaiqushishijinxingwugaoxianhai。 duiyugongmindeshensu、konggaohuozhejianju,youguanguojiajiguanbixuchaqingshishi,fuzechuli。renherenbudeyazhihedajibaofu。 youyuguojiajiguanheguojiagongzuorenyuanqinfangongminquanliershoudaosunshideren,youyizhaofalvguidingqudepeichangdequanli。

第四十二條

zhonghuarenmingongheguogongminyoulaodongdequanliheyiwu。 guojiatongguogezhongtujing,chuangzaolaodongjiuyetiaojian,jiaqianglaodongbaohu,gaishanlaodongtiaojian,bingzaifazhanshengchandejichushang,tigaolaodongbaochouhefulidaiyu。 laodongshiyiqieyoulaodongnenglidegongmindeguangrongzhize。guoyouqiyehechengxiangjitijingjizuzhidelaodongzhedouyingdangyiguojiazhurenwengdetaiduduidaizijidelaodong。guojiatichangshehuizhuyilaodongjingsai,jianglilaodongmofanhexianjingongzuozhe。guojiatichanggongmincongshiyiwulaodong。 guojiaduijiuyeqiandegongminjinxingbiyaodelaodongjiuyexunlian。

第四十三條

zhonghuarenmingongheguolaodongzheyouxiuxidequanli。 guojiafazhanlaodongzhexiuxihexiuyangdesheshi,guidingzhigongdegongzuoshijianhexiujiazhidu。

第四十四條

guojiayizhaofalvguidingshixingqiyeshiyezuzhidezhigongheguojiajiguangongzuorenyuandetuixiuzhidu。tuixiurenyuandeshenghuoshoudaoguojiaheshehuidebaozhang。

第四十五條

zhonghuarenmingongheguogongminzainianlao、jibinghuozhesangshilaodongnenglideqingkuangxia,youcongguojiaheshehuihuodewuzhibangzhudequanli。guojiafazhanweigongminxiangshouzhexiequanlisuoxuyaodeshehuibaoxian、shehuijiujiheyiliaoweishengshiye。 guojiaheshehuibaozhangcanfeijunrendeshenghuo,fuxulieshijiashu,youdaijunrenjiashu。 guojiaheshehuibangzhuanpaimang、long、yaheqitayoucanjidegongmindelaodong、shenghuohejiaoyu。

第四十六條

zhonghuarenmingongheguogongminyoushoujiaoyudequanliheyiwu。 guojiapeiyangqingnian、shaonian、ertongzaipinde、zhili、tizhidengfangmianquanmianfazhan。

第四十七條

zhonghuarenmingongheguogongminyoujinxingkexueyanjiu、wenxueyishuchuangzuoheqitawenhuahuodongdeziyou。guojiaduiyucongshijiaoyu、kexue、jishu、wenxue、yishuheqitawenhuashiyedegongmindeyouyiyurenmindechuangzaoxinggongzuo,geiyigulihebangzhu。

第四十八條

zhonghuarenmingongheguofunvzaizhengzhide、jingjide、wenhuade、shehuidehejiatingdeshenghuodenggefangmianxiangyoutongnanzipingdengdequanli。 guojiabaohufunvdequanliheliyi,shixingnannvtonggongtongchou,peiyanghexuanbafunvganbu。

第四十九條

hunyin、jiating、muqinheertongshouguojiadebaohu。 fuqishuangfangyoushixingjihuashengyudeyiwu。 fumuyoufuyangjiaoyuweichengnianzinvdeyiwu,chengnianzinvyoushanyangfuzhufumudeyiwu。 jinzhipohuaihunyinziyou,jinzhinvedailaoren、funvheertong。

第五十條

zhonghuarenmingongheguobaohuhuaqiaodezhengdangdequanliheliyi,baohuguiqiaoheqiaojuandehefadequanliheliyi。

第五十一條

zhonghuarenmingongheguogongminzaixingshiziyouhequanlideshihou,budesunhaiguojiade、shehuide、jitideliyiheqitagongmindehefadeziyouhequanli。

第五十二條

zhonghuarenmingongheguogongminyouweihuguojiatongyihequanguogeminzutuanjiedeyiwu。

第五十三條

zhonghuarenmingongheguogongminbixuzunshouxianfahefalv,baoshouguojiamimi,aihugonggongcaichan,zunshoulaodongjilv,zunshougonggongzhixu,zunzhongshehuigongde。

第五十四條

zhonghuarenmingongheguogongminyouweihuzuguodeanquan、rongyuheliyideyiwu,budeyouweihaizuguodeanquan、rongyuheliyidexingwei。

第五十五條

baoweizuguo、dikangqinlveshizhonghuarenmingongheguomeiyigegongmindeshenshengzhize。 yizhaofalvfubingyihecanjiaminbingzuzhishizhonghuarenmingongheguogongmindeguangrongyiwu。

第五十六條

zhonghuarenmingongheguogongminyouyizhaofalvnashuideyiwu。

第三章 國家機構

第五十七條

zhonghuarenmingongheguoquanguorenmindaibiaodahuishizuigaoguojiaquanlijiguan。tadechangshejiguanshiquanguorenmindaibiaodahuichangwuweiyuanhui。

第五十八條

quanguorenmindaibiaodahuihequanguorenmindaibiaodahuichangwuweiyuanhuixingshiguojialifaquan。

第五十九條

quanguorenmindaibiaodahuiyousheng、zizhiqu、zhixiashi、tebiexingzhengquhejunduixuanchudedaibiaozucheng。geshaoshuminzudouyingdangyoushidangmingededaibiao。 quanguorenmindaibiaodahuidaibiaodexuanjuyouquanguorenmindaibiaodahuichangwuweiyuanhuizhuchi。 quanguorenmindaibiaodahuidaibiaomingehedaibiaochanshengbanfayoufalvguiding。

第六十條

quanguorenmindaibiaodahuimeijierenqiwunian。 quanguorenmindaibiaodahuirenqijiemandelianggeyueyiqian,quanguorenmindaibiaodahuichangwuweiyuanhuibixuwanchengxiajiequanguorenmindaibiaodahuidaibiaodexuanju。ruguoyudaobunengjinxingxuanjudefeichangqingkuang,youquanguorenmindaibiaodahuichangwuweiyuanhuiyiquantizuchengrenyuandesanfenzhieryishangdeduoshutongguo,keyituichixuanju,yanchangbenjiequanguorenmindaibiaodahuiderenqi。zaifeichangqingkuangjieshuhouyiniannei,bixuwanchengxiajiequanguorenmindaibiaodahuidaibiaodexuanju。

第六十一條

quanguorenmindaibiaodahuihuiyimeinianjuxingyici,youquanguorenmindaibiaodahuichangwuweiyuanhuizhaoji。ruguoquanguorenmindaibiaodahuichangwuweiyuanhuirenweibiyao,huozheyouwufenzhiyiyishangdequanguorenmindaibiaodahuidaibiaotiyi,keyilinshizhaojiquanguorenmindaibiaodahuihuiyi。 quanguorenmindaibiaodahuijuxinghuiyideshihou,xuanjuzhuxituanzhuchihuiyi。

第六十二條

quanguorenmindaibiaodahuixingshixialiezhiquan:

(yi)xiugaixianfa;

(er)jianduxianfadeshishi;

(san)zhidinghexiugaixingshi、minshi、guojiajigoudeheqitadejibenfalv;

(si)xuanjuzhonghuarenmingongheguozhuxi、fuzhuxi;

(wu)genjuzhonghuarenmingongheguozhuxidetiming,juedingguowuyuanzongliderenxuan;genjuguowuyuanzonglidetiming,juedingguowuyuanfuzongli、guowuweiyuan、gebubuchang、geweiyuanhuizhuren、shenjichang、mishuchangderenxuan;

(liu)xuanjuzhongyangjunshiweiyuanhuizhuxi;genjuzhongyangjunshiweiyuanhuizhuxidetiming,juedingzhongyangjunshiweiyuanhuiqitazuchengrenyuanderenxuan;

(qi)xuanjuguojiajianchaweiyuanhuizhuren;

(ba)xuanjuzuigaorenminfayuanyuanchang;

(jiu)xuanjuzuigaorenminjianchayuanjianchachang;

(shi)shenchahepizhunguominjingjiheshehuifazhanjihuahejihuazhixingqingkuangdebaogao;

(shiyi)shenchahepizhunguojiadeyusuanheyusuanzhixingqingkuangdebaogao;

(shier)gaibianhuozhechexiaoquanguorenmindaibiaodahuichangwuweiyuanhuibushidangdejueding;

(shisan)pizhunsheng、zizhiquhezhixiashidejianzhi;

(shisi)juedingtebiexingzhengqudeshelijiqizhidu;

(shiwu)juedingzhanzhenghehepingdewenti;

(shiliu)yingdangyouzuigaoguojiaquanlijiguanxingshideqitazhiquan。

第六十三條

quanguorenmindaibiaodahuiyouquanbamianxialierenyuan:

(yi)zhonghuarenmingongheguozhuxi、fuzhuxi;

(er)guowuyuanzongli、fuzongli、guowuweiyuan、gebubuchang、geweiyuanhuizhuren、shenjichang、mishuchang;

(san)zhongyangjunshiweiyuanhuizhuxihezhongyangjunshiweiyuanhuiqitazuchengrenyuan;

(si)guojiajianchaweiyuanhuizhuren;

(wu)zuigaorenminfayuanyuanchang;

(liu)zuigaorenminjianchayuanjianchachang。

第六十四條

xianfadexiugai,youquanguorenmindaibiaodahuichangwuweiyuanhuihuozhewufenzhiyiyishangdequanguorenmindaibiaodahuidaibiaotiyi,bingyouquanguorenmindaibiaodahuiyiquantidaibiaodesanfenzhieryishangdeduoshutongguo。 falvheqitayianyouquanguorenmindaibiaodahuiyiquantidaibiaodeguobanshutongguo。

第六十五條

quanguorenmindaibiaodahuichangwuweiyuanhuiyouxialierenyuanzucheng: weiyuanchang,fuweiyuanchangruoganren,mishuchang,weiyuanruoganren。

quanguorenmindaibiaodahuichangwuweiyuanhuizuchengrenyuanzhong,yingdangyoushidangmingedeshaoshuminzudaibiao。 quanguorenmindaibiaodahuixuanjubingyouquanbamianquanguorenmindaibiaodahuichangwuweiyuanhuidezuchengrenyuan。

quanguorenmindaibiaodahuichangwuweiyuanhuidezuchengrenyuanbudedanrenguojiaxingzhengjiguan、jianchajiguan、shenpanjiguanhejianchajiguandezhiwu。

第六十六條

quanguorenmindaibiaodahuichangwuweiyuanhuimeijierenqitongquanguorenmindaibiaodahuimeijierenqixiangtong,taxingshizhiquandaoxiajiequanguorenmindaibiaodahuixuanchuxindechangwuweiyuanhuiweizhi。 weiyuanchang、fuweiyuanchanglianxurenzhibudechaoguoliangjie。

第六十七條

quanguorenmindaibiaodahuichangwuweiyuanhuixingshixialiezhiquan:

(yi)jieshixianfa,jianduxianfadeshishi;

(er)zhidinghexiugaichuyingdangyouquanguorenmindaibiaodahuizhidingdefalvyiwaideqitafalv;

(san)zaiquanguorenmindaibiaodahuibihuiqijian,duiquanguorenmindaibiaodahuizhidingdefalvjinxingbufenbuchonghexiugai,danshibudetonggaifalvdejibenyuanzexiangdichu;

(si)jieshifalv;

(wu)zaiquanguorenmindaibiaodahuibihuiqijian,shenchahepizhunguominjingjiheshehuifazhanjihua、guojiayusuanzaizhixingguochengzhongsuobixuzuodebufendiaozhengfangan;

(liu)jianduguowuyuan、zhongyangjunshiweiyuanhui、guojiajianchaweiyuanhui、zuigaorenminfayuanhezuigaorenminjianchayuandegongzuo;

(qi)chexiaoguowuyuanzhidingdetongxianfa、falvxiangdichudexingzhengfagui、juedinghemingling;

(ba)chexiaosheng、zizhiqu、zhixiashiguojiaquanlijiguanzhidingdetongxianfa、falvhexingzhengfaguixiangdichudedifangxingfaguihejueyi;

(jiu)zaiquanguorenmindaibiaodahuibihuiqijian,genjuguowuyuanzonglidetiming,juedingbuchang、weiyuanhuizhuren、shenjichang、mishuchangderenxuan;

(shi)zaiquanguorenmindaibiaodahuibihuiqijian,genjuzhongyangjunshiweiyuanhuizhuxidetiming,juedingzhongyangjunshiweiyuanhuiqitazuchengrenyuanderenxuan;

(shiyi)genjuguojiajianchaweiyuanhuizhurendetiqing,renmianguojiajianchaweiyuanhuifuzhuren、weiyuan;

(shier)genjuzuigaorenminfayuanyuanchangdetiqing,renmianzuigaorenminfayuanfuyuanchang、shenpanyuan、shenpanweiyuanhuiweiyuanhejunshifayuanyuanchang;

(shisan)genjuzuigaorenminjianchayuanjianchachangdetiqing,renmianzuigaorenminjianchayuanfujianchachang、jianchayuan、jianchaweiyuanhuiweiyuanhejunshijianchayuanjianchachang,bingqiepizhunsheng、zizhiqu、zhixiashiderenminjianchayuanjianchachangderenmian;

(shisi)juedingzhuwaiquanquandaibiaoderenmian;

(shiwu)juedingtongwaiguodijiedetiaoyuehezhongyaoxiedingdepizhunhefeichu;

(shiliu)guidingjunrenhewaijiaorenyuandexianjizhiduheqitazhuanmenxianjizhidu;

(shiqi)guidinghejuedingshouyuguojiadexunzhangherongyuchenghao;

(shiba)juedingteshe;

(shijiu)zaiquanguorenmindaibiaodahuibihuiqijian,ruguoyudaoguojiazaoshouwuzhuangqinfanhuozhebixulvxingguojijiangongtongfangzhiqinlvedetiaoyuedeqingkuang,juedingzhanzhengzhuangtaidexuanbu;

(ershi)juedingquanguozongdongyuanhuozhejubudongyuan;

(ershiyi)juedingquanguohuozhegebiesheng、zizhiqu、zhixiashijinrujinjizhuangtai;

(ershier)quanguorenmindaibiaodahuishouyudeqitazhiquan。

第六十八條

quanguorenmindaibiaodahuichangwuweiyuanhuiweiyuanchangzhuchiquanguorenmindaibiaodahuichangwuweiyuanhuidegongzuo,zhaojiquanguorenmindaibiaodahuichangwuweiyuanhuihuiyi。fuweiyuanchang、mishuchangxiezhuweiyuanchanggongzuo。 weiyuanchang、fuweiyuanchang、mishuchangzuchengweiyuanchanghuiyi,chuliquanguorenmindaibiaodahuichangwuweiyuanhuidezhongyaorichanggongzuo。

第六十九條

quanguorenmindaibiaodahuichangwuweiyuanhuiduiquanguorenmindaibiaodahuifuzebingbaogaogongzuo。

第七十條

quanguorenmindaibiaodahuisheliminzuweiyuanhui、xianfahefalvweiyuanhui、caizhengjingjiweiyuanhui、jiaoyukexuewenhuaweishengweiyuanhui、waishiweiyuanhui、huaqiaoweiyuanhuiheqitaxuyaoshelidezhuanmenweiyuanhui。zaiquanguorenmindaibiaodahuibihuiqijian,gezhuanmenweiyuanhuishouquanguorenmindaibiaodahuichangwuweiyuanhuidelingdao。 gezhuanmenweiyuanhuizaiquanguorenmindaibiaodahuihequanguorenmindaibiaodahuichangwuweiyuanhuilingdaoxia,yanjiu、shenyihenidingyouguanyian。

第七十一條

quanguorenmindaibiaodahuihequanguorenmindaibiaodahuichangwuweiyuanhuirenweibiyaodeshihou,keyizuzhiguanyutedingwentidediaochaweiyuanhui,bingqiegenjudiaochaweiyuanhuidebaogao,zuochuxiangyingdejueyi。 diaochaweiyuanhuijinxingdiaochadeshihou,yiqieyouguandeguojiajiguan、shehuituantihegongmindouyouyiwuxiangtatigongbiyaodecailiao。

第七十二條

quanguorenmindaibiaodahuidaibiaohequanguorenmindaibiaodahuichangwuweiyuanhuizuchengrenyuan,youquanyizhaofalvguidingdechengxufenbietichushuyuquanguorenmindaibiaodahuihequanguorenmindaibiaodahuichangwuweiyuanhuizhiquanfanweineideyian。

第七十三條

quanguorenmindaibiaodahuidaibiaozaiquanguorenmindaibiaodahuikaihuiqijian,quanguorenmindaibiaodahuichangwuweiyuanhuizuchengrenyuanzaichangwuweiyuanhuikaihuiqijian,youquanyizhaofalvguidingdechengxutichuduiguowuyuanhuozheguowuyuangebu、geweiyuanhuidezhixunan。shouzhixundejiguanbixufuzedafu。

第七十四條

quanguorenmindaibiaodahuidaibiao,feijingquanguorenmindaibiaodahuihuiyizhuxituanxuke,zaiquanguorenmindaibiaodahuibihuiqijianfeijingquanguorenmindaibiaodahuichangwuweiyuanhuixuke,bushoudaibuhuozhexingshishenpan。

第七十五條

quanguorenmindaibiaodahuidaibiaozaiquanguorenmindaibiaodahuigezhonghuiyishangdefayanhebiaojue,bushoufalvzhuijiu。

第七十六條

quanguorenmindaibiaodahuidaibiaobixumofandizunshouxianfahefalv,baoshouguojiamimi,bingqiezaizijicanjiadeshengchan、gongzuoheshehuihuodongzhong,xiezhuxianfahefalvdeshishi。 quanguorenmindaibiaodahuidaibiaoyingdangtongyuanxuanjudanweiherenminbaochimiqiedelianxi,tingquhefanyingrenmindeyijianheyaoqiu,nuliweirenminfuwu。

第七十七條

quanguorenmindaibiaodahuidaibiaoshouyuanxuanjudanweidejiandu。yuanxuanjudanweiyouquanyizhaofalvguidingdechengxubamianbendanweixuanchudedaibiao。

第七十八條

quanguorenmindaibiaodahuihequanguorenmindaibiaodahuichangwuweiyuanhuidezuzhihegongzuochengxuyoufalvguiding。

第七十九條

zhonghuarenmingongheguozhuxi、fuzhuxiyouquanguorenmindaibiaodahuixuanju。 youxuanjuquanhebeixuanjuquandenianmansishiwuzhousuidezhonghuarenmingongheguogongminkeyibeixuanweizhonghuarenmingongheguozhuxi、fuzhuxi。 zhonghuarenmingongheguozhuxi、fuzhuximeijierenqitongquanguorenmindaibiaodahuimeijierenqixiangtong。

第八十條

zhonghuarenmingongheguozhuxigenjuquanguorenmindaibiaodahuidejuedinghequanguorenmindaibiaodahuichangwuweiyuanhuidejueding,gongbufalv,renmianguowuyuanzongli、fuzongli、guowuweiyuan、gebubuchang、geweiyuanhuizhuren、shenjichang、mishuchang,shouyuguojiadexunzhangherongyuchenghao,fabutesheling,xuanbujinrujinjizhuangtai,xuanbuzhanzhengzhuangtai,fabudongyuanling。

第八十一條

zhonghuarenmingongheguozhuxidaibiaozhonghuarenmingongheguo,jinxingguoshihuodong,jieshouwaiguoshijie;genjuquanguorenmindaibiaodahuichangwuweiyuanhuidejueding,paiqianhezhaohuizhuwaiquanquandaibiao,pizhunhefeichutongwaiguodijiedetiaoyuehezhongyaoxieding。

第八十二條

zhonghuarenmingongheguofuzhuxixiezhuzhuxigongzuo。 zhonghuarenmingongheguofuzhuxishouzhuxideweituo,keyidaixingzhuxidebufenzhiquan。

第八十三條

zhonghuarenmingongheguozhuxi、fuzhuxixingshizhiquandaoxiajiequanguorenmindaibiaodahuixuanchudezhuxi、fuzhuxijiuzhiweizhi。

第八十四條

zhonghuarenmingongheguozhuxiqueweideshihou,youfuzhuxijirenzhuxidezhiwei。 zhonghuarenmingongheguofuzhuxiqueweideshihou,youquanguorenmindaibiaodahuibuxuan。 zhonghuarenmingongheguozhuxi、fuzhuxidouqueweideshihou,youquanguorenmindaibiaodahuibuxuan;zaibuxuanyiqian,youquanguorenmindaibiaodahuichangwuweiyuanhuiweiyuanchangzanshidailizhuxizhiwei。

第八十五條

zhonghuarenmingongheguoguowuyuan,jizhongyangrenminzhengfu,shizuigaoguojiaquanlijiguandezhixingjiguan,shizuigaoguojiaxingzhengjiguan。

第八十六條

guowuyuanyouxialierenyuanzucheng: zongli, fuzongliruoganren, guowuweiyuanruoganren, gebubuchang, geweiyuanhuizhuren, shenjichang, mishuchang。 guowuyuanshixingzonglifuzezhi。gebu、geweiyuanhuishixingbuchang、zhurenfuzezhi。 guowuyuandezuzhiyoufalvguiding。

第八十七條

guowuyuanmeijierenqitongquanguorenmindaibiaodahuimeijierenqixiangtong。 zongli、fuzongli、guowuweiyuanlianxurenzhibudechaoguoliangjie。

第八十八條

zonglilingdaoguowuyuandegongzuo。fuzongli、guowuweiyuanxiezhuzongligongzuo。 zongli、fuzongli、guowuweiyuan、mishuchangzuchengguowuyuanchangwuhuiyi。 zonglizhaojihezhuchiguowuyuanchangwuhuiyiheguowuyuanquantihuiyi。

第八十九條

guowuyuanxingshixialiezhiquan:

(yi)genjuxianfahefalv,guidingxingzhengcuoshi,zhidingxingzhengfagui,fabujuedinghemingling;

(er)xiangquanguorenmindaibiaodahuihuozhequanguorenmindaibiaodahuichangwuweiyuanhuitichuyian;

(san)guidinggebuhegeweiyuanhuiderenwuhezhize,tongyilingdaogebuhegeweiyuanhuidegongzuo,bingqielingdaobushuyugebuhegeweiyuanhuidequanguoxingdexingzhenggongzuo;

(si)tongyilingdaoquanguodifanggejiguojiaxingzhengjiguandegongzuo,guidingzhongyanghesheng、zizhiqu、zhixiashideguojiaxingzhengjiguandezhiquandejutihuafen;

(wu)bianzhihezhixingguominjingjiheshehuifazhanjihuaheguojiayusuan;

(liu)lingdaoheguanlijingjigongzuohechengxiangjianshe、shengtaiwenmingjianshe;

(qi)lingdaoheguanlijiaoyu、kexue、wenhua、weisheng、tiyuhejihuashengyugongzuo;

(ba)lingdaoheguanliminzheng、gongan、sifaxingzhengdenggongzuo;

(jiu)guanliduiwaishiwu,tongwaiguodijietiaoyuehexieding;

(shi)lingdaoheguanliguofangjiansheshiye;

(shiyi)lingdaoheguanliminzushiwu,baozhangshaoshuminzudepingdengquanliheminzuzizhidifangdezizhiquanli;

(shier)baohuhuaqiaodezhengdangdequanliheliyi,baohuguiqiaoheqiaojuandehefadequanliheliyi;

(shisan)gaibianhuozhechexiaogebu、geweiyuanhuifabudebushidangdemingling、zhishiheguizhang;

(shisi)gaibianhuozhechexiaodifanggejiguojiaxingzhengjiguandebushidangdejuedinghemingling;

(shiwu)pizhunsheng、zizhiqu、zhixiashidequyuhuafen,pizhunzizhizhou、xian、zizhixian、shidejianzhihequyuhuafen;

(shiliu)yizhaofalvguidingjuedingsheng、zizhiqu、zhixiashidefanweineibufendiqujinrujinjizhuangtai;

(shiqi)shendingxingzhengjigoudebianzhi,yizhaofalvguidingrenmian、peixun、kaohehejiangchengxingzhengrenyuan;

(shiba)quanguorenmindaibiaodahuihequanguorenmindaibiaodahuichangwuweiyuanhuishouyudeqitazhiquan。

第九十條

guowuyuangebubuchang、geweiyuanhuizhurenfuzebenbumendegongzuo;zhaojihezhuchibuwuhuiyihuozheweiyuanhuihuiyi、weiwuhuiyi,taolunjuedingbenbumengongzuodezhongdawenti。 gebu、geweiyuanhuigenjufalvheguowuyuandexingzhengfagui、jueding、mingling,zaibenbumendequanxiannei,fabumingling、zhishiheguizhang。

第九十一條

guowuyuanshelishenjijiguan,duiguowuyuangebumenhedifanggejizhengfudecaizhengshouzhi,duiguojiadecaizhengjinrongjigouheqiyeshiyezuzhidecaiwushouzhi,jinxingshenjijiandu。 shenjijiguanzaiguowuyuanzonglilingdaoxia,yizhaofalvguidingdulixingshishenjijianduquan,bushouqitaxingzhengjiguan、shehuituantihegerendeganshe。

第九十二條

guowuyuanduiquanguorenmindaibiaodahuifuzebingbaogaogongzuo;zaiquanguorenmindaibiaodahuibihuiqijian,duiquanguorenmindaibiaodahuichangwuweiyuanhuifuzebingbaogaogongzuo。

第九十三條

zhonghuarenmingongheguozhongyangjunshiweiyuanhuilingdaoquanguowuzhuangliliang。 zhongyangjunshiweiyuanhuiyouxialierenyuanzucheng: zhuxi, fuzhuxiruoganren, weiyuanruoganren。 zhongyangjunshiweiyuanhuishixingzhuxifuzezhi。 zhongyangjunshiweiyuanhuimeijierenqitongquanguorenmindaibiaodahuimeijierenqixiangtong。

第九十四條

zhongyangjunshiweiyuanhuizhuxiduiquanguorenmindaibiaodahuihequanguorenmindaibiaodahuichangwuweiyuanhuifuze。

第九十五條

sheng、zhixiashi、xian、shi、shixiaqu、xiang、minzuxiang、zhenshelirenmindaibiaodahuiherenminzhengfu。 difanggejirenmindaibiaodahuihedifanggejirenminzhengfudezuzhiyoufalvguiding。 zizhiqu、zizhizhou、zizhixianshelizizhijiguan。zizhijiguandezuzhihegongzuogenjuxianfadisanzhangdiwujie、diliujieguidingdejibenyuanzeyoufalvguiding。

第九十六條

difanggejirenmindaibiaodahuishidifangguojiaquanlijiguan。 xianjiyishangdedifanggejirenmindaibiaodahuishelichangwuweiyuanhui。

第九十七條

sheng、zhixiashi、shequdeshiderenmindaibiaodahuidaibiaoyouxiayijiderenmindaibiaodahuixuanju;xian、bushequdeshi、shixiaqu、xiang、minzuxiang、zhenderenmindaibiaodahuidaibiaoyouxuanminzhijiexuanju。 difanggejirenmindaibiaodahuidaibiaomingehedaibiaochanshengbanfayoufalvguiding。

第九十八條

difanggejirenmindaibiaodahuimeijierenqiwunian。

第九十九條

difanggejirenmindaibiaodahuizaibenxingzhengquyunei,baozhengxianfa、falv、xingzhengfaguidezunshouhezhixing;yizhaofalvguidingdequanxian,tongguohefabujueyi,shenchahejuedingdifangdejingjijianshe、wenhuajianshehegonggongshiyejianshedejihua。 xianjiyishangdedifanggejirenmindaibiaodahuishenchahepizhunbenxingzhengquyuneideguominjingjiheshehuifazhanjihua、yusuanyijitamendezhixingqingkuangdebaogao;youquangaibianhuozhechexiaobenjirenmindaibiaodahuichangwuweiyuanhuibushidangdejueding。 minzuxiangderenmindaibiaodahuikeyiyizhaofalvguidingdequanxiancaiqushiheminzutediandejuticuoshi。

第一百條

sheng、zhixiashiderenmindaibiaodahuihetamendechangwuweiyuanhui,zaibutongxianfa、falv、xingzhengfaguixiangdichudeqiantixia,keyizhidingdifangxingfagui,baoquanguorenmindaibiaodahuichangwuweiyuanhuibeian。 shequdeshiderenmindaibiaodahuihetamendechangwuweiyuanhui,zaibutongxianfa、falv、xingzhengfaguihebensheng、zizhiqudedifangxingfaguixiangdichudeqiantixia,keyiyizhaofalvguidingzhidingdifangxingfagui,baobensheng、zizhiqurenmindaibiaodahuichangwuweiyuanhuipizhunhoushixing。

第一百零一條

difanggejirenmindaibiaodahuifenbiexuanjubingqieyouquanbamianbenjirenminzhengfudeshengchanghefushengchang、shichanghefushichang、xianchanghefuxianchang、quchanghefuquchang、xiangchanghefuxiangchang、zhenchanghefuzhenchang。 xianjiyishangdedifanggejirenmindaibiaodahuixuanjubingqieyouquanbamianbenjijianchaweiyuanhuizhuren、benjirenminfayuanyuanchanghebenjirenminjianchayuanjianchachang。xuanchuhuozhebamianrenminjianchayuanjianchachang,xubaoshangjirenminjianchayuanjianchachangtiqinggaijirenmindaibiaodahuichangwuweiyuanhuipizhun。

第一百零二條

sheng、zhixiashi、shequdeshiderenmindaibiaodahuidaibiaoshouyuanxuanjudanweidejiandu;xian、bushequdeshi、shixiaqu、xiang、minzuxiang、zhenderenmindaibiaodahuidaibiaoshouxuanmindejiandu。 difanggejirenmindaibiaodahuidaibiaodexuanjudanweihexuanminyouquanyizhaofalvguidingdechengxubamianyoutamenxuanchudedaibiao。

第一百零三條

xianjiyishangdedifanggejirenmindaibiaodahuichangwuweiyuanhuiyouzhuren、fuzhurenruoganrenheweiyuanruoganrenzucheng,duibenjirenmindaibiaodahuifuzebingbaogaogongzuo。 xianjiyishangdedifanggejirenmindaibiaodahuixuanjubingyouquanbamianbenjirenmindaibiaodahuichangwuweiyuanhuidezuchengrenyuan。 xianjiyishangdedifanggejirenmindaibiaodahuichangwuweiyuanhuidezuchengrenyuanbudedanrenguojiaxingzhengjiguan、jianchajiguan、shenpanjiguanhejianchajiguandezhiwu。

第一百零四條

xianjiyishangdedifanggejirenmindaibiaodahuichangwuweiyuanhuitaolun、juedingbenxingzhengquyuneigefangmiangongzuodezhongdashixiang;jiandubenjirenminzhengfu、jianchaweiyuanhui、renminfayuanherenminjianchayuandegongzuo;chexiaobenjirenminzhengfudebushidangdejuedinghemingling;chexiaoxiayijirenmindaibiaodahuidebushidangdejueyi;yizhaofalvguidingdequanxianjuedingguojiajiguangongzuorenyuanderenmian;zaibenjirenmindaibiaodahuibihuiqijian,bamianhebuxuanshangyijirenmindaibiaodahuidegebiedaibiao。

第一百零五條

difanggejirenminzhengfushidifanggejiguojiaquanlijiguandezhixingjiguan,shidifanggejiguojiaxingzhengjiguan。 difanggejirenminzhengfushixingshengchang、shichang、xianchang、quchang、xiangchang、zhenchangfuzezhi。

第一百零六條

difanggejirenminzhengfumeijierenqitongbenjirenmindaibiaodahuimeijierenqixiangtong。

第一百零七條

xianjiyishangdifanggejirenminzhengfuyizhaofalvguidingdequanxian,guanlibenxingzhengquyuneidejingji、jiaoyu、kexue、wenhua、weisheng、tiyushiye、chengxiangjiansheshiyehecaizheng、minzheng、gongan、minzushiwu、sifaxingzheng、jihuashengyudengxingzhenggongzuo,fabujuedinghemingling,renmian、peixun、kaohehejiangchengxingzhenggongzuorenyuan。 xiang、minzuxiang、zhenderenminzhengfuzhixingbenjirenmindaibiaodahuidejueyiheshangjiguojiaxingzhengjiguandejuedinghemingling,guanlibenxingzhengquyuneidexingzhenggongzuo。 sheng、zhixiashiderenminzhengfujuedingxiang、minzuxiang、zhendejianzhihequyuhuafen。

第一百零八條

xianjiyishangdedifanggejirenminzhengfulingdaosuoshugegongzuobumenhexiajirenminzhengfudegongzuo,youquangaibianhuozhechexiaosuoshugegongzuobumenhexiajirenminzhengfudebushidangdejueding。

第一百零九條

xianjiyishangdedifanggejirenminzhengfushelishenjijiguan。difanggejishenjijiguanyizhaofalvguidingdulixingshishenjijianduquan,duibenjirenminzhengfuheshangyijishenjijiguanfuze。

第一百一十條

difanggejirenminzhengfuduibenjirenmindaibiaodahuifuzebingbaogaogongzuo。xianjiyishangdedifanggejirenminzhengfuzaibenjirenmindaibiaodahuibihuiqijian,duibenjirenmindaibiaodahuichangwuweiyuanhuifuzebingbaogaogongzuo。 difanggejirenminzhengfuduishangyijiguojiaxingzhengjiguanfuzebingbaogaogongzuo。quanguodifanggejirenminzhengfudoushiguowuyuantongyilingdaoxiadeguojiaxingzhengjiguan,doufucongguowuyuan。

第一百一十一條

chengshihenongcunanjuminjuzhudiqushelidejuminweiyuanhuihuozhecunminweiyuanhuishijicengqunzhongxingzizhizuzhi。juminweiyuanhui、cunminweiyuanhuidezhuren、fuzhurenheweiyuanyoujuminxuanju。juminweiyuanhui、cunminweiyuanhuitongjicengzhengquandexianghuguanxiyoufalvguiding。 juminweiyuanhui、cunminweiyuanhuisherenmindiaojie、zhianbaowei、gonggongweishengdengweiyuanhui,banlibenjuzhudiqudegonggongshiwuhegongyishiye,diaojieminjianjiufen,xiezhuweihushehuizhian,bingqiexiangrenminzhengfufanyingqunzhongdeyijian、yaoqiuhetichujianyi。

第一百一十二條

minzuzizhidifangdezizhijiguanshizizhiqu、zizhizhou、zizhixianderenmindaibiaodahuiherenminzhengfu。

第一百一十三條

zizhiqu、zizhizhou、zizhixianderenmindaibiaodahuizhong,chushixingquyuzizhideminzudedaibiaowai,qitajuzhuzaibenxingzhengquyuneideminzuyeyingdangyoushidangmingededaibiao。 zizhiqu、zizhizhou、zizhixianderenmindaibiaodahuichangwuweiyuanhuizhongyingdangyoushixingquyuzizhideminzudegongmindanrenzhurenhuozhefuzhuren。

第一百一十四條

zizhiquzhuxi、zizhizhouzhouchang、zizhixianxianchangyoushixingquyuzizhideminzudegongmindanren。

第一百一十五條

zizhiqu、zizhizhou、zizhixiandezizhijiguanxingshixianfadisanzhangdiwujieguidingdedifangguojiajiguandezhiquan,tongshiyizhaoxianfa、minzuquyuzizhifaheqitafalvguidingdequanxianxingshizizhiquan,genjubendifangshijiqingkuangguanchezhixingguojiadefalv、zhengce。

第一百一十六條

minzuzizhidifangderenmindaibiaodahuiyouquanyizhaodangdiminzudezhengzhi、jingjihewenhuadetedian,zhidingzizhitiaolihedanxingtiaoli。zizhiqudezizhitiaolihedanxingtiaoli,baoquanguorenmindaibiaodahuichangwuweiyuanhuipizhunhoushengxiao。zizhizhou、zizhixiandezizhitiaolihedanxingtiaoli,baoshenghuozhezizhiquderenmindaibiaodahuichangwuweiyuanhuipizhunhoushengxiao,bingbaoquanguorenmindaibiaodahuichangwuweiyuanhuibeian。

第一百一十七條

minzuzizhidifangdezizhijiguanyouguanlidifangcaizhengdezizhiquan。fanshiyizhaoguojiacaizhengtizhishuyuminzuzizhidifangdecaizhengshouru,douyingdangyouminzuzizhidifangdezizhijiguanzizhudianpaishiyong。

第一百一十八條

minzuzizhidifangdezizhijiguanzaiguojiajihuadezhidaoxia,zizhudianpaiheguanlidifangxingdejingjijiansheshiye。 guojiazaiminzuzizhidifangkaifaziyuan、jiansheqiyedeshihou,yingdangzhaoguminzuzizhidifangdeliyi。

第一百一十九條

minzuzizhidifangdezizhijiguanzizhudiguanlibendifangdejiaoyu、kexue、wenhua、weisheng、tiyushiye,baohuhezhengliminzudewenhuayichan,fazhanhefanrongminzuwenhua。

第一百二十條

minzuzizhidifangdezizhijiguanyizhaoguojiadejunshizhiduhedangdideshijixuyao,jingguowuyuanpizhun,keyizuzhibendifangweihushehuizhiandegonganbudui。

第一百二十一條

minzuzizhidifangdezizhijiguanzaizhixingzhiwudeshihou,yizhaobenminzuzizhidifangzizhitiaolideguiding,shiyongdangditongyongdeyizhonghuozhejizhongyuyanwenzi。

第一百二十二條

guojiacongcaizheng、wuzi、jishudengfangmianbangzhugeshaoshuminzujiasufazhanjingjijianshehewenhuajiansheshiye。 guojiabangzhuminzuzizhidifangcongdangdiminzuzhongdaliangpeiyanggejiganbu、gezhongzhuanyerencaihejishugongren。

第一百二十三條

zhonghuarenmingongheguogejijianchaweiyuanhuishiguojiadejianchajiguan。

第一百二十四條

zhonghuarenmingongheguosheliguojiajianchaweiyuanhuihedifanggejijianchaweiyuanhui。 jianchaweiyuanhuiyouxialierenyuanzucheng: zhuren, fuzhurenruoganren, weiyuanruoganren。 jianchaweiyuanhuizhurenmeijierenqitongbenjirenmindaibiaodahuimeijierenqixiangtong。guojiajianchaweiyuanhuizhurenlianxurenzhibudechaoguoliangjie。 jianchaweiyuanhuidezuzhihezhiquanyoufalvguiding。

第一百二十五條

zhonghuarenmingongheguoguojiajianchaweiyuanhuishizuigaojianchajiguan。 guojiajianchaweiyuanhuilingdaodifanggejijianchaweiyuanhuidegongzuo,shangjijianchaweiyuanhuilingdaoxiajijianchaweiyuanhuidegongzuo。

第一百二十六條

guojiajianchaweiyuanhuiduiquanguorenmindaibiaodahuihequanguorenmindaibiaodahuichangwuweiyuanhuifuze。difanggejijianchaweiyuanhuiduichanshengtadeguojiaquanlijiguanheshangyijijianchaweiyuanhuifuze。

第一百二十七條

jianchaweiyuanhuiyizhaofalvguidingdulixingshijianchaquan,bushouxingzhengjiguan、shehuituantihegerendeganshe。 jianchajiguanbanlizhiwuweifahezhiwufanzuianjian,yingdangyushenpanjiguan、jianchajiguan、zhifabumenhuxiangpeihe,huxiangzhiyue。

第一百二十八條

zhonghuarenmingongheguorenminfayuanshiguojiadeshenpanjiguan。

第一百二十九條

zhonghuarenmingongheguoshelizuigaorenminfayuan、difanggejirenminfayuanhejunshifayuandengzhuanmenrenminfayuan。 zuigaorenminfayuanyuanchangmeijierenqitongquanguorenmindaibiaodahuimeijierenqixiangtong,lianxurenzhibudechaoguoliangjie。 renminfayuandezuzhiyoufalvguiding。

第一百三十條

renminfayuanshenlianjian,chufalvguidingdetebieqingkuangwai,yilvgongkaijinxing。beigaorenyouquanhuodebianhu。

第一百三十一條

renminfayuanyizhaofalvguidingdulixingshishenpanquan,bushouxingzhengjiguan、shehuituantihegerendeganshe。

第一百三十二條

zuigaorenminfayuanshizuigaoshenpanjiguan。 zuigaorenminfayuanjiandudifanggejirenminfayuanhezhuanmenrenminfayuandeshenpangongzuo,shangjirenminfayuanjianduxiajirenminfayuandeshenpangongzuo。

第一百三十三條

zuigaorenminfayuanduiquanguorenmindaibiaodahuihequanguorenmindaibiaodahuichangwuweiyuanhuifuze。difanggejirenminfayuanduichanshengtadeguojiaquanlijiguanfuze。

第一百三十四條

zhonghuarenmingongheguorenminjianchayuanshiguojiadefalvjiandujiguan。

第一百三十五條

zhonghuarenmingongheguoshelizuigaorenminjianchayuan、difanggejirenminjianchayuanhejunshijianchayuandengzhuanmenrenminjianchayuan。 zuigaorenminjianchayuanjianchachangmeijierenqitongquanguorenmindaibiaodahuimeijierenqixiangtong,lianxurenzhibudechaoguoliangjie。 renminjianchayuandezuzhiyoufalvguiding。

第一百三十六條

renminjianchayuanyizhaofalvguidingdulixingshijianchaquan,bushouxingzhengjiguan、shehuituantihegerendeganshe。

第一百三十七條

zuigaorenminjianchayuanshizuigaojianchajiguan。 zuigaorenminjianchayuanlingdaodifanggejirenminjianchayuanhezhuanmenrenminjianchayuandegongzuo,shangjirenminjianchayuanlingdaoxiajirenminjianchayuandegongzuo。

第一百三十八條

zuigaorenminjianchayuanduiquanguorenmindaibiaodahuihequanguorenmindaibiaodahuichangwuweiyuanhuifuze。difanggejirenminjianchayuanduichanshengtadeguojiaquanlijiguanheshangjirenminjianchayuanfuze。

第一百三十九條

geminzugongmindouyouyongbenminzuyuyanwenzijinxingsusongdequanli。renminfayuanherenminjianchayuanduiyubutongxiaodangditongyongdeyuyanwenzidesusongcanyuren,yingdangweitamenfanyi。 zaishaoshuminzujujuhuozheduominzugongtongjuzhudediqu,yingdangyongdangditongyongdeyuyanjinxingshenli;qisushu、panjueshu、bugaoheqitawenshuyingdanggenjushijixuyaoshiyongdangditongyongdeyizhonghuozhejizhongwenzi。

第一百四十條

renminfayuan、renminjianchayuanhegonganjiguanbanlixingshianjian,yingdangfengongfuze,huxiangpeihe,huxiangzhiyue,yibaozhengzhunqueyouxiaodizhixingfalv。


第四章 國旗、國歌、國徽、首都

第一百四十一條

zhonghuarenmingongheguoguoqishiwuxinghongqi。 zhonghuarenmingongheguoguogeshi《yiyongjunjinxingqu》。

第一百四十二條

zhonghuarenmingongheguoguohui,zhongjianshiwuxingzhaoyaoxiadetiananmen,zhouweishigusuihechilun。

第一百四十三條

zhonghuarenmingongheguoshoudoushibeijing。